Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Dr. Hutton and your dental hygienist will evaluate you for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment.
Periodontal disease progresses as the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues. When these irritants remain in the pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually, the bone that supports the teeth.
If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no irreversible damage has been done, frequent regular cleanings will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits.
If the disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a special periodontal cleaning called scaling and root planing (or deep cleaning) will be recommended. It is usually done one or two quadrants of the mouth at a time while the area is numb. In this procedure, tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line (scaling) and rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth (planing). This procedure helps gum tissue to heal and pockets to shrink. Medications, special medicated mouth rinses, and an electric tooth brush may be recommended to help control infection and healing. This is considered a non surgical approach to managing your periodontal disease. For many people this is successful and no surgery is needed.
If the pockets do not adequately heal after scaling and root planing, periodontal surgery may be needed to reduce pocket depths, making teeth easier to clean. At this point Dr. Hutton may recommend that you see a periodontist (specialist of the gums and supporting bone). Remember, successfully treating your periodontal disease is paramount in maintaining your healthy pretty smile.
If you have questions about periodontal treatments or would like to schedule a consultation, please contact our office.